ABC-Certified Practitioner – Practitioners who successfully complete the education, experience and examination requirements prescribed by the American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics Inc. (ABC), are conferred the titles of Certified Orthotist (CO) and Certified Prosthetist (CP). The title of Certified Prosthetist-Orthotist (CPO) is conferred to practitioners whose responsibility conform to those of both orthotist and prosthetist and who have successfully completed all requirements.
Abduction – The movement of a limb away from the median, or midline, of the body.
Above Elbow Prosthesis (AEP) – A prosthesis utilized for acquired amputations or congenital absences of the hand, forearm and elbow, above the elbow.
Above Knee Prosthesis (AKP) – A prosthesis utilized for acquired amputations or congenital absences of the foot, ankle, shin and thigh, above the knee joint level.
Accreditation – A determination by the American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics Inc. that an eligible organization satisfactorily complies with all applicable standards.
Americans with Disabilities Act – Federal legislation passed in 1990 prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, public services and accommodations, and telecommunications.
Ankle Orthosis (AO) – A orthosis utilized for the treatment of disorders only involving the ankle.
Ankle/Foot Orthosis (AFO) – A orthosis utilized for the treatment of disorders of the ankle and foot below the knee joint.
Anterior – The front of the body.
Asthma – Hyper-responsive airways manifested by a narrowing of the airway.
Bariatric Products – Designed to have a weight capacity of 300 pounds (or more) for those who need that extra support. Bariatric chairs maximize the patient’s ability to sit and stand with reduced effort, and lessens the chance of lifting injury to the caregiver.
Bariatric beds have extra bracing integrated into the home care bed frame, along with a wider surface and truss assembly, in order to provide maximum support.
Below Elbow Prosthesis (BEP) – A prosthesis utilized for acquired amputations or congenital absences of the hand or forearm below the elbow.
Below Knee Prosthesis (BKP) – A prosthesis utilized for acquired amputations or congenital absences of the foot and ankle below the knee.
Bi-PAP– A device that provides ventilation for patients by delivering air to the lungs at two levels of pressure, either cyclically in an anaesthetized patient or triggered by the patient’s attempts at breathing when awake.
Bili Light – Also known as phototherapy, used to help infants with jaundice, a yellow coloring of the skin and eyes related to abnormal liver function.
Bowden Cable Control – Prostheses controlled by utilizing gross shoulder and arm movements for the actuation and movement of a mechanical prosthetic component.
Cane – Adjustable height canes can improve balance and reduce fatigue. Travel canes can fold up and be carried in a travel case. Standard crook canes are lightweight and durable to help improve balance and reduce fatigue . Quad canes are used when there is a need for additional stability. Quad canes have a base with four legs, affording greater stability than straight canes. Quad canes can be ordered with narrow or wide bases.
Cerebral Palsy – Any neuromuscular disability caused by lesions in the brain occurring before birth, at birth, or during infancy.
Certification – A determination by the American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics Inc. that an eligible organization satisfactorily complies with all applicable patient management standards.
Cervical Orthosis (CO) – A orthosis utilized for the treatment of disorders only involving the cervical spine.
Cervical/Thoracic Orthosis (CTO) – A orthosis utilized for the treatment of disorders involving the cervical and/or thoracic spine.
Cervical/Thoracic/Lumbosacral Orthosis (CTLSO) – A orthosis utilized for the treatment of disorders involving the cervical, thoracic and/or lumbosacral spine.
CHF – Heart failure in which the heart is unable to maintain adequate circulation of blood in the tissues of the body or to pump out the venous blood returned to it by the venous circulation
Child/Junior Wheelchair – Children and young adults need chairs that can accommodate their changing needs as they grow. In addition, it is important that wheelchairs for children or teens be adaptable to classroom environments and be “friendly looking” to help the user fit more readily into social situations. Manufacturers today are becoming increasingly sensitive to these market demands and are attempting to address them with innovative chair designs and a variety of “kid-oriented” colors and styles.
Circumduction – The circular motion of a limb that is created when the movements of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction are sequentially performed.
Commode – 3-in-1 Commodes are adjustable and include back, pail w/lid, toilet seat, and cover. Some can be used as a free-standing commode or a raised toilet seat. Lift/commode is a FDA registered medical device, ideal for people with musculoskeletal or neuromuscular limitations. It is motorized and designed to operate as a lift system and as an adjustable height commode. It can be used as a bedside commode (helps reduce bedpan use) or as a transfer system to move a person from a bed to a seated or standing position.
Compression Stocking – Problems with the veins of the leg occur in both men and women of all ages but certain factors increase the risk of venous problems. Health conditions, lifestyle habits, heredity, injury, surgery, age, and pregnancy all play a role. A broad range of compression hosiery from knee, thigh high, waist chaps, open toe and closed toe are manufactured to meet your needs. For more information visit http://www.jobst-usa.com.
Continuing Education – Education and experiences beyond initial professional preparation that are relevant to the type of patient care delivered; providing current knowledge relevant to the individual’s discipline of practice.
Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) – Devices are available for synovial joints (hip, knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow, wrist, and TMJ) following surgery or trauma (including fracture, infection, etc). The device moves the affected joint continuously on a 24-hour basis, without patient assistance. The device is held in place across the affected joint by Velcro straps. An electrical power unit is used to set the variable range of motion and speed. The speed and range of motion can be adjusted depending on joint stability, patient comfort level, and other factors assessed intraoperatively.
COPD – A catch-all term for a number of respiratory diseases. The diseases of COPD include chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, asthma, and bronchiectasis (a chronic inflammatory or degenerative condition of one or more bronchi or bronchioles marked by dilatation and loss of elasticity of the walls).
CPAP – One of the most common sleep disorders is sleep apnea – a disorder that causes a person’s airway to close several times during one night’s sleep. For those with sleep apnea, relief usually comes with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) devices deliver a prescribed level of positive pressure non-invasively to the upper airway for the treatment of sleep apnea. Extremely easy to use, CPAPs come with different features such as ramping to allow comfortable adjustment to the pressure; software to capture specific usage and breathing events; and automated altitude adjustment. Accessories, such as nasal interface applications and humidification devices are provided to afford maximum comfort to ensure patient compliance.
Credentialing – The verification of an individual’s education, training and experience from primary sources.
Crutch – Standard adjustable crutches are lightweight and easily adjust to size. Forearm crutches have contoured arm cuffs for extra comfort and stability.
Custom Designed Orthoses – Orthoses which are custom made and designed from an anatomical positive model, specific anatomical measurements and/or contour drawings of the affected limb, torso or spine for the purpose of providing support and/or control of complex neuromuscular and/or musculoskeletal disorders.
Custom Designed Prosthesis – Prostheses are custom made from an anatomical positive model of an individual’s residual limb and in accordance with anatomical measurements of the sound limb.
Custom Fitted Orthoses – Orthoses which are pre-made in specific anatomical sizes and are modified and custom fitted to the effected limb or spine to control moderate or complex neuromuscular and/or musculoskeletal disorders.
Cylinder – Available in various sizes. Carrying cases or carts are used for the different size tanks
M2 – Weighs less than 2 pounds and only 7.9 inches in length, this extremely lightweight, compact medical oxygen cylinder is the perfect solution for anyone who needs a convenient, easily transportable medical oxygen supply for a short amount of time. This cylinder is the smallest aluminum oxygen cylinder in the world yet can supply up to 2 hours of oxygen.
M4 – medical oxygen cylinder is a great solution for anyone who needs a convenient, easily transportable medical oxygen supply for a short amount of time. This cylinder weighs under 3 pounds and is only 12 inches in length. This cylinder can supply up to 7 hours of oxygen.
• M6 – extremely popular medical oxygen cylinder is the perfect balance between portability and oxygen supply duration. The M6 cylinder is less than 15 inches in length and weighs only 3 pounds and can supply up to 10 hours of oxygen.
• ML6 – Similar to the M6 cylinder, the ML6 is a great balance between portability and oxygen supply duration. This cylinder weighs under 4 pounds and is shorter and wider than the M6 cylinder. This cylinder can provide up to 10 hours of oxygen.
• M9 – a popular cylinder is a great balance between portability and oxygen supply duration. The M9 is less than 16 inches in length and weighs only 4.5 pounds yet can supply up to 14 hours of oxygen.
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) – A life-threatening disorder that causes severe lung damage and nutritional deficiencies. CF is an inherited (genetic) condition affecting the cells that produce mucus, sweat, saliva and digestive juices. Normally, these secretions are thin and slippery, but in CF, a defective gene causes the secretions to become thick and sticky. Instead of acting as a lubricant, the secretions plug up tubes, ducts, and passageways, especially in the pancreas and lungs. Respiratory failure is the most dangerous consequence of CF. Each year approximately 3,200 white babies are born in the United States with CF. The disease is much less common among black and Asian-American children. Most babies born with CF are diagnosed by age 3, although mild forms of the disease may not be detected until the third, fourth, or fifth decade of life. In all, about 30,000 American adults and children are living with the disorder. Although there’s still no cure, the emerging field of gene therapy may someday help correct lung problems in people with CF.
Diabetes – Disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal
Type 1 Diabetes – Diabetes of a form that usually develops during childhood or adolescence and is characterized by a severe deficiency of insulin secretion resulting from atrophy of the islets of Langerhans and causing hyperglycemia and a marked tendency toward ketoacidosis — called also insulin-dependent diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, juvenile diabetes, juvenile-onset diabetes, type 1 diabetes mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes – A common form that develops especially in adults and most often in obese individuals and that is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from impaired insulin utilization coupled with the body’s inability to compensate with increased insulin production — called also adult-onset diabetes, late-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus
Diabetic Supplies – Blood glucose monitoring – there are a variety of systems available that allow testing on arms, fingers or thighs, with fast and accurate results and minimal cleaning required.
Diplegia – Paralysis of all for extremities, with the lower extremities more severely involved than the upper extremities.
Distal – A structure that is located farther away from the attached end of a limb.
Dorsal Surface – The top of the foot and the back of the hand.
Dorsiflexion – Bending the wrist so the dorsal surface of the hand points toward the forearm; bending the ankle so the foot points upward.
Dual Control – A split or dual bowden cable and housing system used for actuation of a single component or control action.